God responds by confining her outside the camp for seven days. by Dina Coopersmith. She is mentioned by name in the Song at the Sea, where she is called (Ex. Miriam, Moses, and Aaron were all born to Jochebed while living in Egypt, Africa. Caleb was one of the twelve spies sent to reconnoiter the Land of Canaan, in preparation for the Israelites ' impending invasion of Israel.He and Joshua were the only two scouts who did not go along with the negative and pessimistic report provided by the other ten scouts. What I have learnt is that Mary replaced the name Miriam.and the role of Miriam was then played by Mary.. according to my understanding but they were all great women of God. Miriam's clever thinking led to Moses' mother nursing him. Unlike most women in the Bible, Miriam is never called wife or mother. Miriam is the first of six prophetesses mentioned in the Bible: Miriam (Exodus 15:21) Deborah (Judges 4:4) Huldah (2 Kings 22:14) Noadiah (Nehemiah 6:14) … Not only is this the first mention of Miriam’s name, but it is the first time we’re introduced to the concept of a prophetess. The woman is not named. Meyers, Carol, General Editor. Jochebed asked Miriam to watch over Moses who was placed among the bulrushes on the banks of the Nile to hide him from Pharaoh. Miriam became the leader of the Hebrew women when they and their families escaped from Egypt. The first we see of Miriam is in her role as a protective sister. Negative as well as positive traditions about Miriam testify to her prominence, power, and prestige in early Israel. Miriam prudently asked her if she would like a Hebrew woman to nurse th… Answer: Miriam in the Bible is Moses’ older sister. Miriam saves her brother Moses. Women in Scripture. Category: Women in the Bible. Miriam (Moses’ sister) watched over the basket – we don’t know why. 4.) She was also a prophetess in her own right. (Viewed on January 6, 2021) . Miriam, the Jealous Sister. Episode 54: Mamalas: Building Jewish Families, Encyclopedia Article: Art: Representation of Biblical Women, Copyright © 1998–2021, Jewish Women's Archive. Which of these describes Miriam? As the inaugurator of a performance and composition tradition of song, drums, and dances in Israel, Miriam continues to resonate throughout its musical life (see Pss 68:25; 81:2; 150:4). Miriam is only mentioned by name in 14 verses in the Bible, but she is one of the most important people found in the pages of scripture. She saw as Pharaoh's daughter's took pity on him. Miriam asked Pharaoh's daughter if she could find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child for her, and Pharaoh's daughter agreed. She was described as a prophetess, and, in fact, is one of the seven major female prophets in the Bible. Often, the reader sees the good in the heroes as well as the bad. Exodus 2:1-10. After they leave Egypt, Miriam dances and leads a victory song known as the “Song of the Sea.”. Josephus (historian) states that Miriam marries Hur, Moses’ close companion. Moses immediately pleads to God on her behalf; she is healed. Miriam Facts for 9-13 Year Olds. 9. Exodus 15:20 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. Miriam as a Child Miriam first appears in the biblical book of Exodus not long after Pharaoh decrees that all newborn Hebrew boys will be drowned in the Nile river. According to the Hebrew Bible, Miriam was the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Moses' sister, Miriam, accompanied her younger brother when he led the Hebrew people in their escape from slavery in Egypt. She may be Zipporah, the known wife of Moses (Exod 2:21, 18:2), or another woman. She has neither husband nor children. Moreover, prophecy includes her, though not by name, within its eschatological vision. She was a prophetess and first appears in the Book of Exodus. Miriam is also called a Prophetess - someone through whom God speaks. There is also reference to where Miriam is mentioned in the Holy Bible. Who were Miriam's two brothers? Miriam (מִרְיָם Mir-yām) was born in 1576 B.C. Aaron pleads with Moses on her behalf, and Moses appeals to God. Here are six of the most interesting facts about him. Throughout this essay we will gain a recognition of Miriam's qualities and the effect she had on the destiny of the Jewish nation. Miriam was called to play a less prominent role than Moses but nevertheless a vital … Thanks for your wonderful insight! Has he not spoken through us also?” (Num 12:2). Then in middle age Moses killed an Egyptian who was mistreating an Israelite, and he had to flee for his life. 2 The song of Miriam, Exodus 15:20-21. Miriam died on the 10th of Nissan in the year 2487—a year to the day before the Jewish people crossed the Jordan into the Promised Land, under the leadership of Joshua. In singing a song of deliverance (Luke 1:46–55), in embodying a demonic or diseased condition (Luke 8:2), and in challenging male authorities (Matt 28:10; Luke 24:10; John 20:11–18), the various Marys of the Gospels reflect their namesake. Despite the instructions of God and Moses, the people refuse to continue the march in the wilderness until the diseased Miriam is restored (Num 12:15). There are a number of facts you may not know about him. This Quiz: Miriam. Miriam (מִרְיָם‎ Mīrəyām) was described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Jewish Women's Archive. (The other Prophetess’ are: Sarah, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, and Esther and Huldah). A prophetess A seer A harlot A gypsy. Brenner, Athalya. Unlike most women in the Bible, Miriam is never called wife or mother. When she and Aaron grumble against Moses, she comes down with a case of leprosy. Instiller of faith, enabler of redemption. It may refer to the African country of Cush (see Gen 10:6; 1 Chr 1:8) or to Midian, the region east of the Gulf of Aqabah from which Zipporah came (see Exod 3:1, 18:1; Hab 3:7). Miriam would have been only about 5 years old when this baby, Moses was born. Aaron Jochebed Amram Eleazar. Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. New York: 2000. "the written Torah." Sheffield, England: 1985. How much do you know about her? While Miriam was looking after Moses, the daughter of Pharaoh came to the river to bathe and she saw Moses and had compassion on him. But the price of speaking out is severe. Whatever her particular disease, Miriam remains a condemned woman, a warning for generations to come (see Deut 24:8–9). Exodus 2:1–10 features an unnamed sister of Moses who helps deliver him at the Nile River. Moses is one of the most recognized figures of the Bible. It provides facts, a biography and information about this famous woman of the Bible for bible study. …that in ancient Israel “Miriam, the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and dancing.” They are still played throughout the Middle East—in some areas in art-music ensembles, in others only in popular and folk… She participates with Moses and Aaron to lead the Israelite community during the exodus and the wanderings. She was indeed a prophet herself (Exodus 15:20).The fact that Miriam was a prophet is a little known fact because everyone concentrates on Moses. Miriam, like Moses and Aaron, was a child of Amram and Jochebed (also known as Yocheved), both of the tribe of Levi.The prophet Micah recognizes all three siblings as Israel’s leaders when he proclaims in God’s name: “I redeemed you from the house of bondage, and sent Moses, Aaron, and Miriam to lead you” (Micah 6:4). Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. Categories: Moses, Women in the Bible. 6:4). Her name in Hebrew means "bitterness." Centuries later, prophecy remembers her as the equal of Moses and Aaron in representing God before the people (Mic 6:8). Two genealogies listing Moses, Aaron, and Miriam as the sole children of Amram support the identification (Num 26:59; 1 Chr 6:3). At her triumphal entry, the living waters of the Red Sea surround her (Exod 15:19–20); at her demise the wells in the desert dry up (Num 20:2). She has neither husband nor children. Miriam 's husband was Caleb son of Yefuneh of the tribe of Judah.1. 1.) She asks, “Has the Lord spoken only through Moses? Later they reciprocate. But the text fails to explain the issue. Nature also honors Miriam. 1 Miriam saved her brother Moses, Exodus 2:1-10. Miriam suffered with her fellow-Israelites for those forty years. Though the meaning of the term prophet is here indeterminate, Miriam is the first woman ever to bear it. It will go forth again with drums, dances, and merrymakers (Jer 31:4). Miriam was the daughter of Amram, the leader of the Israelites in ancient Egypt, and of Jochebed and the sister of Aaron and Moses. The Bible first mentions how Miriam saved Moses from Pharaoh’s deathdecree. Jewish traditions, however, cannot tolerate her status as single. Miriam was prob. Numbers 12:1-16 - And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he … ch. Miriam’s childhood in the slave quarters of Egypt was one of fear and uncertainty. The Bible doesn’t portray its heroes and heroines as paragons of virtue. Who Was Miriam's Mother? Miriam with Aaron also challenges the prophetic authority of Moses. “I will find you a nurse,” she offered and then ran to get Jochebed. Rabbinic sources give her Caleb for a husband and Hur for a son (but compare 1 Chr 2:19). She first appears by name, however, in the crossing of the Red Sea (Exod 15:20–21). MIRIAM, or, in Hebrew, Miryam; Israelite prophetess who flourished, according to tradition, in the thirteenth century bce. Jeremiah says that in days to come, Israel will have a new exodus. Copyright © 2021 BibleWise.com. "Miriam: Bible." 7.After the crossing of the Red Sea "Miriam the prophetess" is her acknowledged title. In the New Testament Miriam’s afterlife continues through her name and her deeds. She understands leadership to embrace diverse voices, female and male. When her mother puts Moses in a basket and places it among the reeds of the Nile, Miiram watches from a distance. Many commentators identify her as Miriam. Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically. She was recognized as a prophet of Israel and led the women in worship to remember what God had done. Miriam first appears in the Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. She and her three-year-old brother, Aaron, had godly parents who trusted the God of Israel—but the king of Egypt hated her people. She becomes thereby the archetype of the female prophetic tradition, even as Moses heads the male (compare Deut 34:10). Take the Quiz: Facts About Miriam: Are They True or False?. All rights reserved. After her punishment, she never speaks, nor is she spoken to. Exodus 15:21 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea. Miriam was the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron, all of whom were Levites. Most probably, the attack implicates Miriam in a struggle over the priestly leadership of Moses. For the king had ordered to throw all Hebrew baby boys into the river (Exodus 1:22—2:4). Daughter to Amram and Jochebe, and sister to Moses and Aaron, we first meet Miriam as a young girl who watches her baby brother being placed in … 20 March 2009. The statement about the tradition of the name of Mary being continued through the NT Marys was intriguing. Aaron died on Rosh Chodesh Av, and Moses died on the 7th of Adar 2488. It is doubtful that Miriam saw much of Moses as he grew up in Pharaoh’s court. Miriam was the first woman in the Bible to be given the title prophetess. There is no specified time of mourning for Miriam. Biblical tradition recalls Miriam as the sister of Moses and Aaron who helped Moses lead the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt (Mic. The survival of the leader of the Exodus, Moses, depended on the courage and ingenuity of his sister Miriam. Help us elevate the voices of Jewish women. Who was Miriam's father? Miriam is the older sister of Aaron and Moses. Bible Verses About Miriam And Aaron Bible verses related to Miriam And Aaron from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order . Although her jealously later in life led to disaster, Miriam's quick wit as a young girl helped change the course of Israel's history by protecting its greatest spiritual … In other documents she is purported to be Hur’s mother and the wife of Caleb. The meaning of “Cushite” is uncertain. Miriam would have been in her 90s at this point. Miriam takes Moses back to her mother. Her role in saving her baby brother and in celebrating the crossing of the sea highlights her concern for her people. Cain and Abel Moses and Aaron Jacob and Esau Isaac and Ishmael. The historian Josephus deems Hur the husband of Miriam (Antiquities 3.54; see Exod 17:10–12). While she is often overlooked, Miriam was the only person right by Moses' side from birth to death. 3.) The Israelite Woman: Social Role and Literary Type in Biblical Narrative. The Greek name Mary is the equivalent of the Hebrew Miriam. Standing on the banks of the Nile river, Miriam watched as her baby brother, Moses, lay hidden among the reeds. Your biblical references to support the characteristic “challenging authority” didn’t make sense to me til I changed it in my mind to “failing to recognize“ proper authority. Called “the prophet Miriam, Aaron’s sister,” she leads Hebrew women in singing, dancing, and playing drums. The Bible doesn’t tell us her parents gave her that job (but maybe they did). Miriam was a woman of God. 2 The woman conceived and bore a son; and when she saw that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. I really enjoyed your fascinating commentary on Miriam. 2). Jewish traditions, however, cannot tolerate her status as single. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. Trible, Phyllis. Miriam’s brother Aaron interceded before Moses for her and Moses pleaded to God that she be healed ( 12:11 , 12 ), and she was healed; however, she was compelled to remain outside the camp of Israel for seven days after the cleansing. All answers are true or false. and is the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the sister of Moses and Aaron. 2.) If Miriam is the unnamed sister of chapter two (2:4, 7) she frames not only the narratives of Moses but also the entire exodus narrative. Miriam (rebellion), the sister of Moses, was the eldest of that sacred family; and she first appears, probably as a young girl, watching her infant brothers cradle in the Nile, ( Exodus 2:4) and suggesting her mother as a nurse. the leader of her brother Aaron at this time, for the brunt of the punishment for this insurrection fell upon her and she became leprous . He… Miriam is no exception. Indeed, she disappears altogether from the narrative until the announcement of her death and burial at Kadesh (Num 20:1). Miriam is the sister who watches over her baby brother Moses among the bulrushes on the banks of the Nile. Though God rebukes both Miriam and Aaron, the deity punishes only her. Forty more years passed, most likely with little or no contact between Moses and his sister. It belongs to a corpus of women’s traditions that include the long Songs of Deborah (Judg 5:1–31) and Hannah (1 Sam 2:1–10). She plays an important role in several episodes of Moses’ life and in the exodus of Israel from Egypt. Contrary to the impression that her one stanza sung at the sea (Exod 15:1–18) is but an abridgement of the lengthy song attributed to Moses (Exod 5:1–31), historical and literary studies show that the latter version is itself the Song of Miriam. Miriam, Aaron and Moses died within twelve months. The sister of Moses and Aaron played an important role as the Israelites traveled from Egypt to Canaan. 8. Miriam in the Bible may best be known as the big sister who helped save her baby brother from certain death. Although Miriam is named a prophet, nowhere in Scripture does she function in the traditional prophetic role of speaking forth the word of … Miriam thought quickly when Pharaoh’s daughter found the basket. ver. When Pharaoh’s daughter finds Moses in a basket, Miriam offers to find a Hebrew mother to nurse the baby for her. Miriam had godly parents who trusted the God of Israel, however, Egypts Pharoah hated her people. The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia) Torah anonymously, as the sister of Moses who stands on the riverbank (Ex. Metaphorically, the divine nostril burns in anger to leave her stricken with scales like snow. 1 Now a man from the house of Levi went and took to wife a daughter of Levi. Women in the Bible #6: Miriam. After the episode at the sea, Miriam surfaces in the wilderness narratives. Three references to them at her death further underscore their loyalty to her. She was his older sister, and she watched over him when he was placed in a basket on the River Nile. She is called “Miriam the prophetess” in Exodus 15:20. Miriam Facts for 3-8 Year Olds. When Pharaoh’s daughter finds Moses in a basket, Miriam offers to find a Hebrew mother to nurse the baby for her. This period of time verifies her cleanliness but does not restore her to wholeness. Miriam is most well-known to us as Moses's big sister. Perhaps it was out of love for her little brother. Miriam is the elder sister of Aaron and Moses. The historian Josephus deems Hur the husband of Miriam (Antiquities 3.54; see Exod 17:10–12). She is the only daughter of her family. Miriam is referenced in the Old Testament of the Bible as a prophetess and originally emerges in the Book of Exodus. We first learn of Miriam as she and her three-year-old brother, Aaron, are welcoming a new child into the family.Unfortunately for that time, the baby was a boy, and there is a decree that all Hebrew baby boys be killed. Accompanied by her brother Aaron, she speaks out against Moses (Num 12:1–6), faulting him for marrying a Cushite woman. Miriam is the most dynamic woman in the book of Exodus. Miriam is the older sister of Aaron and Moses. 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