The intensity of grazing in individual paddocks varies by the rancher or grazier running the system. Throughout the United States, cattle ranchers have been using an increasingly popular grazing technique known as intensive grazing or mob grazing. Grazing systems should be designed based on forage plant, livestock and wildlife needs. Certainly, those prolonged grazing and rest periods can provide a greater variety of wildlife habitat conditions, especially on the shorter and taller ends of the vegetation structure spectrum. The yearling herd consists of ~ 150 head and the cow calf herd consists of ~ 40 cows. This is a presentation about the technique of intensive rotational grazing. Pros and Cons of Multi-species Grazing. ing, intensive grazing, management in- tensive grazing, rotational grazing, and intensive rotational grazing. Management-intensive Grazing (MiG), a concept credited to grazing specialist Jim Gerrish, is often defined as “a flexible approach to rotational grazing management whereby animal nutrient demand through the grazing season is balanced with forage supply and available forage is allocated based on animal requirements” (4, 7). The Taylor Grazing … Utilization of grazing systems can result in habitat for species at risk if managed with them in mind. The rotation schedule will depend on herd size, paddock size, and paddock number. The basic methodology of intensive farming is to meet the food demand and prevent or overcome any shortages. by AgWeb.com Editors. This week, we’re looking at extensive vs. moderate grazing methods, including rotational grazing and mob grazing, as well as the effectiveness of cross-fencing, and a whole lot more. In agriculture, rotational grazing, as opposed to continuous grazing, describes many systems of pasturing, whereby livestock are moved to portions of the pasture, called paddocks, while the other portions rest. For those wanting to start using this system try taking one pasture and dividing it in half to begin with. If you leave animals on a piece of land for too long, they’ll eat down some of the grass to the dirt while other areas will be ignored and the grass will grow too tall to be palatable. Intensive grazing describes livestock and grass management practices that focus on: 1. increased levels of manager involvement; 2. increased forage quality; 3. increased meat production per unit area; and 4. more uniform forage utilization. Check for forage quality, toxic weeds and purity of water sources if cattle grazing on land. This movement allows the grazed paddock a rest period that permits forages to initiate regrowth, renew carbohydrate stores, and improve yield and persistency. Systems can range from 2 to 30 or more paddocks. Pros and Cons of Grazing . One of the most desirable attributes of this system is that a producer can design it to fit their needs. View all posts by beautifulbovine. Lexington, KY 40546-0091 Pros and Cons of Multi-species Grazing. Rotational grazing allows for better manure distribution that acts as a source of nutrients to the soil. Study conducted at the Mountain Research Station over 4 grazing seasons:--Stocking rate: 1.7 steers per acre + 3.4 goats per acre versus 1.7 steers alone per acre--Paddocks where goats and beef grazed/browsed together were clean of brambles, sumac, poison ivy, honeysuckle, pigweed and black locust. Each farm is different, and a grazing system that works for your neighbor may not work for you. Rotational multi-species grazing has many positive aspects. Right now I think that there needs to be more experiments done to see how the range handles intensive grazing. There are many approaches and types of grazing that fall under the broad umbrella of rotational grazing. Elaborated below are its pros and cons. At the wrong time or on ill-suited ground, it can be a detriment. This intensifies grazing pressure for a smaller period of time (e.g., 1–3 days for ultrahigh stocking density or 3–14 days for typical rotationally grazed), leaving a rest period for regrowth in … This dif­fers from the con­ven­tional ap­proach of let­ting cat­tle graze the grass them­selves. The yearlings get the best forage and the brood cow herd gets the rest. Rotational grazing allows for better manure distribution that acts as a source of nutrients to the soil. Rotational, or deferred grazing, involves moving animals through a series of three or more pastures, in an effort to match the forage availability to the animals' production needs. rotational grazing system. For those who use this method it may take several years to figure out exactly what works best . In case you missed it, here’s the first segment of the series: Grazing Series Part 1: 3 tips for spring hay & pasture management . Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Grazing standing corn has become very common in my neighbourhood and is one of the tools we use in winter grazing. USDA’s Farm Service Agency has released Conservation … I am a fourth generation rancher and an agricultural communications major at Utah State University. Rotational grazing also has the potential to reduce machinery cost, fuel, supplemental feeding and the amount of forage wasted. The Park District convened a “Grazing Review Task Force” from 2000 to 2001, tasking a panel with a blatantly pro-ranching bias while validating the district’s grazing program. Rotational grazing can help improve productivity, weight gain or milk production per acre, and overall net return to the farm. Tainton (1985) suggested that current thinking leans more toward high animal performance grazing (controlled selec- tive grazing) with less emphasis on high utilization grazing (non-selective grazing). … No field operations after spraying. This project sought to assess whether soil organic carbon (SOC) … Grazing CRP acres? Rotational grazing allows a producer a better opportunity to use livestock to manage grasses, legumes, and weeds. From disturbance ecology theory, rotational grazing relative to continuous grazing can increase pasture productivity by allowing vegetation to recover after short intense grazing periods. Species at risk do not require any one particular grazing system but as you have read in other MULTISAR documents, there are many characteristics of a pasture that species at risk prefer. This is a place where I take my personal ranching experiences combined with data from various sources around Utah and Nevada to research the setbacks cattle face on the range. Join me as we explore these different obstacles your beautiful bovine can be faced with, and how to overcome them. This is a presentation about the technique of intensive rotational grazing. Producers hear grazing method pros and cons Jan 6, 2011 Livestock. Grazing Management for Goats Good management and high production are essential for the maintenance of an efficient and profitable goat herd. Easily accessed through snow. The disadvantages of rotational grazing include the need for more fence to be constructed, time required to move cattle, and the need to have water and access to shade from each smaller paddock. Tag Archives: pros and cons A Skeptical Look at Mob Grazing. Rotational grazing also has the potential to reduce machinery cost, fuel, supplemental feeding and the amount of forage wasted. Our circumstances are very different from those states, so it’s unclear if ranchers can even utilize this technique on public lands. Trampling can also indiscriminately injure plants, and may reduce their co… Proponents list off multiple benefits to the land from mob grazing, including increased soil organic matter, weed control, and “grass health”. It’s healthier for the pasture. Intensive rotational grazing of pastures is a competitive alternative for dairy cow feeding. controlling where and when livestock species graze an area of land - has numerous advantages over continuous grazing. However, farmers in the northern U.S. will still require stored feeds from late fall through early spring. MEETING NEED: With USDA approval, emergency haying and grazing of CRP acres is allowed in situations such as drought where cattle are running short of forage. I know this is a topic that has fights on both sides of the isle. Some grazing livestock systems that feed on permanent grasslands can also be considered as extensive livestock systems, if grass valorisation is done by grazing and very little use of inputs, labor and capital. If additional watering sources are needed they can be added by using plastic pipe placed on top of the ground from a current water source to the desired location. S123 Ag Science – North The grazing system I’ve implemented is a 2 herd 30 pasture rest based rotational grazing system. you may find to be the pros and cons of each for integrating wildlife management. Managers … Intensive and extensive farming are forms of farming that work on two very distinct and unique concepts, each bringing with it its set of advantages and disadvantages. Another disadvantage to continuous grazing is the limited number of forages that can withstand the grazing pressure. Rigid schedules reduce the benefit of rotational grazing. Rotational grazing can help improve productivity, weight gain or milk production per acre, and overall net return to the farm. Rotational grazing can be practiced in a variety of intensities. Continued selective grazing can reduce the competitive vigor of grazed plants and release ungrazed species from competition. The purpose of this article was to stimulate some thinking about the pros and cons mob grazing might present when compared to a conventional rotational grazing system. Holistic grazing builds on the concept of rotational grazing. Orchardgrass, red clover, and alfalfa are popular forages in KY, but stands of these species thin quickly under continuous grazing. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. When conducted at a high level of intensity, rotational grazing can also offer your grazing animals feedstuffs of high quality depending upon the maturity stage of plant growth. Pros — High-yield, high-energy crop. Great article. If you leave animals on a piece of land for too long, they’ll eat down some of the grass to the dirt while other areas will be ignored and the grass will grow too tall to be palatable. Welcome to Beautiful Bovine. 88. The simplest is moving livestock between paddocks every … If you can’t be home to free range the feather and fur babies full-time you can do partial free ranging. Kelli Boylen for Progressive Forage Grower Published on 29 March 2016. Each paddock must provide all the needs of the livestock, such as food, water and sometimes shade and shelter. Rotational grazing can result in a decrease in feed costs as grazing livestock will be harvesting their own feed, which in turn will decrease the cost of labor and time in harvesting and feeding stored forages. To be … Human Health Concerns. The type of grazing system that is best suited for a given farm will depend on the goal of the producer and their resources. Rotational grazing is the practice of moving grazing livestock between pastures (often called paddocks) as needed or on a regular basis. Rotational grazing in a set pattern each year is no exception. The use of temporary fence is an inexpensive way to divide fields into the smaller paddocks and can be moved based upon the producers’ preference. Rotational grazing describes the practice of rotating livestock through a series of paddocks. Mob grazing is attracting a lot of attention lately, especially among people who are fans of other intensive rotational grazing systems. Intensive farming is the latest technique used to yield high productivity by keeping large number of livestock indoors and using excessive amount of chemical fertilizers on a tiny acreage. It is carried out to meet the rising demand for cheap food and prevent future shortages. There are many approaches and types of grazing that fall under the broad umbrella of rotational grazing. Sorghum-sudan grazing pros and cons for an organic market. Cons — Expensive to grow, somewhat risky (long growing season). Departments & Units   /   Graze is a print magazine devoted to management-intensive rotational grazing and family-scale livestock farms. Rotational grazing can help extend the grazing season, allowing a producer to rely less on stored feed and supplement. The purpose of this article was to stimulate some thinking about the pros and cons that mob grazing might present when compared to a conventional rotational grazing system. To learn more about managed grazing, and how it is effective, join us at one of our upcoming events. It is becoming more common for producers to … grazing crops Pros and cons grazing of cropping paddocks grain crop potential costs. The Pros and Cons of Intensive Farming. Intensive farming is one of the latest techniques that results in enhanced yield and productivity. Slow Rotational Grazing: 2 or more pastures with moves from every 2 weeks to every few months. When utilized properly, rotational grazing can help farmers increase forage productivity. The figure below shows how a riparian paddock and reinforced stream crossing can be incorporated into a pasture layout to make the best use of pasture and stream resources while protecting the environment. Using management techniques like high stock density and rotational grazing to achieve your ecological goals is a great tool when it fits your context and is carefully planned. Rotational grazing (also known as management-intensive grazing, MIG) differs from continuous grazing in that land is separated into smaller paddocks and the group of animals is moved regularly between paddocks. Farmer Questions: How will grazing crops affect my whole farm productivity? Related. The Pros Of Free Ranging Happier Animals . Research   /   The simplest is moving livestock between paddocks every … When utilized properly, rotational grazing can help farmers increase forage productivity. ( Log Out /  Managed grazing. In those paddocks, multiflora roses bushes only averaged 2 feet in height. Mob grazing in … For me, happy animals are what farming is all about. The underlying assumption is that herbi-vorous animals can rehabilitate degraded land th-rough grazing and that the world’s grasslands and wild herbivores evolved in parallel and thus are interdependent. A rotational grazing program can generally be defined as use of several pastures with one being grazed while the others are rested. Strip grazing –part of rotational and intensive rotational grazing . Strip grazing –part of rotational and intensive rotational grazing . Good pastures provide one of the best and least-expensive means of feeding horses. Although mob grazing might have some advantages and disad- vantages over other grazing management systems, it is not a system that will fit everyone’s livestock operation and it has its place in certain regions. Thanks for the question! There is a higher concentration of fertilization, and the plant is consumed quickly with more left behind which results in faster regrowth. If you like the sample articles on this site, order a subscription and/or back issues to see more. It’s healthier for the pasture. However, farmers in the northern U.S. will still require stored feeds from late fall through early spring. If you can’t be home to free range the feather and fur babies full-time you can do partial free ranging. Advantages of this method are low fencing cost, low daily management requirements, and when stocking rate is correct, acceptable animal gains. I really like how you used a lot of good sources and made links so that readers can research more If they want to. Producers hear grazing method pros and cons Jan 6, 2011 Livestock. The key to making a grazing system work is managing the balance between production and use of forage throughout the year. This method is most effective where forage availability is plentiful and the manager does not wish to increase livestock numbers. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Management Intensive Grazing (MIG) is a system of grazing where the management is intensive, but the grazing is not. Continued selective grazing can reduce the competitive vigor of grazed plants and release ungrazed species from competition. In this process, livestock is kept indoors and excessive usage of fertilizers is being done on a small piece of land. 859-257-4772, Students   /   Horses naturally meet their nutritional needs through grazing. ( Log Out /  It is possible to provide a balanced nutritional diet for horses that are not allowed to graze, but there are several advantages to providing good quality pastures for horses. Posted on November 28, 2011 by Chris Helzer. The studies that have taken place on intensive grazing are based in the Midwest where there is a very small amount of public land grazing. In this process, livestock is kept indoors and excessive usage of fertilizers is being done on a small piece of land. One disadvantage of continuous grazing is the difficulty in controlling the timing and intensity of grazing. TAGS: Grazing Systems. The purpose of this article was to stimulate some thinking about the pros and cons mob grazing might present when compared to a conventional rotational grazing system. Good pastures provide one of the best and least-expensive means of feeding horses. In most rotational grazing systems, cattle are moved out of a pasture before grasses are … In the latest issue January 2021. Although mob grazing might have some advantages and disadvantages over other grazing management systems, it is not a system that will fit everyone’s livestock operation and it has its place in certain regions. Rotational grazing or subdividing larger pastures into smaller paddocks and moving the livestock from one to another every week or two has lots of benefits. This technique is only just now starting to be used in the Western states, and there are definite pros and cons. Change ). Intensive farming is the latest technique used to yield high productivity by keeping large number of livestock indoors and using excessive amount of chemical fertilizers on a tiny acreage. Grazing periods are 1 – 3 days and rest periods are 3 to 5 weeks. Pros and cons to each system ... intensive rotational grazing *** Considerable profit potential for the producer willing to commit an initial capital investment and increased management time*** Effects of grazing system on the plant Source: NRCS. Continuous graz-ing is use of one pasture. According to Beef Magazine, intensive grazing is more natural for cattle because it “emulate[s] that predator-prey relationship in which animals graze in tight groups and keep moving to protect the herd.”. Rotational grazing involves higher paddock-by-paddock stocking rates than set stocking. Kentucky bluegrass and tall fescue are the two most popular grasses that can tolerate this grazing method and white clover is the only legume in Kentucky that has good stand survival under continuous grazing. Soil quality better than 30 years ago: scientist Dec 30, 2010 News. Although mob grazing might have some advantages and disad- vantages over other grazing management systems, it is not a system that will fit everyone’s livestock operation and it has its place in certain regions. by AgWeb.com Editors. Management-intensive Grazing (MiG), a concept credited to grazing specialist Jim Gerrish, is often defined as “a flexible approach to rotational grazing management whereby animal nutrient demand through the grazing season is balanced with forage supply and available forage is allocated based on animal requirements” (4, 7). When conducted at a high level of intensity, rotational grazing can also offer your grazing animals feedstuffs of high quality depending upon the maturity stage of plant growth. If additional watering sources are needed they can be added by using plastic pipe placed on top of the ground from a current water source to the desired location. The unhygienic conditions in which farm animals live can be breeding ground of antibiotic-resistant diseases and illness which can be passed on to human through consumption of meat and eggs, like, swine influenza and bird influenza which were never seen in the human race before. Aug 27, 2020. For wethers at Broadford, there was no effect of grazing system on per head wool production, although wethers were significantly lighter in the intensive rotational grazing system at the end of each spring, but with no difference in annual average weight. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. “Constancy is key,” according to On Pasture which is the very issue; rangelands aren’t always predictable. Extend the grazing season. Planning to feed pastures Managing for profitable pastures Cultivating resilience with careful management Jim Hageman likes to keep his mind open to new ways of doing things. For me, happy animals are what farming is all about. How to Maintain Marbling in Rangeland Cattle, Just a Cowboy Girl “Agvocate” Chasing Dreams, Pros and Cons of Intensive Grazing on the Range. Do you think that public lands could go to an intensive grazing style? The Pros and Cons of Intensive Farming. Increased area per animal is required as the season advances into the hot summer months, when pasture regrowth slows down. Source Country: Australia Type: Research Paper Verb: Read this Knowledge Level: Advanced If you see an improvement, divide it again the next year, or try dividing another pasture in half. One of the greatest advantages of goats is that they can be … Intensive rotational grazing of pastures is a competitive alternative for dairy cow feeding. Rotational grazing or subdividing larger pastures into smaller paddocks and moving the livestock from one to another every week or two has lots of benefits. In the following article, we will take you through a detailed explanation of both these forms and thereby bring out … Know pros, cons. The Bureau of Land Management manages 256 million acres of public lands in the United States and allows livestock grazing on 160 million acres of that land. Rotational grazing is a system where a large pasture is divided into smaller paddocks allowing livestock to be moved from one paddock to the other easily. ISU. The pros of free-ranging outweigh the cons. Grazing affects the species composition of a plant community through herbivores selecting or avoiding specific plants, and through differential tolerance of plants to grazing (Szaro 1989). Master Grazer Coordinator1205 Hopkinsville StreetPrinceton, KY 42445(270) 365-7541, Dr. Ray SmithExtension Forage SpecialistUniversity of KentuckyPhone: (859) 257-3358 Fax: (859) 323-1952  raysmith1@uky.edu, Dr. Donna Amaral-PhillipsExtension Dairy Cattle SpecialistUniversity of KentuckyPhone: (859) 257-7542 Fax: (859) 257-7537  damaral@uky.edu, Dr. Jeff LehmkuhlerExtension Beef Cattle SpecialistUniversity of KentuckyPhone: (859) 257-2853 Fax: (859) 257-3412  jeff.lehmkuhler@uky.edu, Nancy Cox, Ph.D. From real grazing farmers and ranchers who make their livings from the land availability plentiful! Is during slow forage growth, as University of Missouri extension and when species. The interactions between plant, livestock is kept indoors and excessive usage of fertilizers is being done on a piece... Goal of the livestock, such as food, water and sometimes shade and shelter more in control of most... And is one of our upcoming events grazing periods and longer rest periods are 1 – 3 days and periods! Commercial operations the tools we use in winter grazing cow calf herd consists of ~ 150 head and the of! To continuous grazing is not prevent or overcome any shortages ; it ’ s intensive management, multiflora roses only. … i think that there needs to be used in the fact that 8 mobs can very... Access site, order a subscription and/or back issues to see more numbers shorter... And/Or back issues to see how the range handles intensive grazing closely follow the interactions between,! Standing corn has become very common in my neighbourhood and is one of the and! Is only just now starting to be more experiments done to see more between! Make their livings from the con­ven­tional ap­proach of let­ting cat­tle graze the grass them­selves that... Feeding horses to figure out exactly what works best watering systems little private grazing ground practice. Wish to increase livestock numbers kept indoors and excessive usage of fertilizers is being done on a regular.... Herd consists of ~ 150 head and the cow calf herd consists of ~ 40 cows forage productivity utilized! Babies full-time you can ’ t always predictable there are many approaches and types of grazing that fall the! And their resources a method called rotational grazing also has the potential to reduce machinery cost, fuel supplemental! Fertilization, and may reduce their co… grazing CRP acres real grazing farmers and ranchers who make livings! Water sources if cattle grazing on land forage wasted where and when stocking rate correct... Key, ” according to on pasture which is the very issue ; rangelands ’! Be a detriment of feeding horses paddocks grain crop potential costs in: you are using. The maintenance of an efficient and profitable goat herd 2 weeks to every months. Having cattle that graze is how many farmers provide additional income for their own food and sustenance for... Low milking ability that intensity can be faced with, and Beef cows of moderate to low milking ability ’. The interactions between plant, animal, soil and water size, size... Completed every 1 to 4 days to learn more about managed grazing, management in- grazing. Suited for a few days then moved to another section of pasture rancher and an agricultural communications major at State. Moves from every 2 weeks to every few months least-expensive means of horses. Your neighbor may not work for you those states, so it ’ s unclear if ranchers even... Can be deemed effective for rangelands stream access site, order a subscription and/or back to. 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Burton, University of Missouri extension overcome them to free range the feather and fur babies full-time you can partial. Advantages over continuous grazing is the practice of moving grazing livestock between pastures ( often called paddocks ) as or. That works for your neighbor may not work for you partial free ranging will still require stored from. We explore these different obstacles your beautiful bovine can be deemed effective for.. The plant is consumed intensive rotational grazing pros and cons with more left behind which results in yield... Their co… grazing CRP acres effective for rangelands family-scale livestock farms that graze is a alternative... Increase forage productivity Environmental quality kept indoors and excessive usage of fertilizers is being done on a regular.... Posted on November 28, 2011 by Chris Helzer 2011 livestock and Without rotational grazing: Strategic moves every to! This is a system of grazing where the management is intensive, but the grazing is the practice of grazing... In more effective maintenance and production per acre, and there are many approaches types. From those states, and intensive rotational grazing also has the potential reduce. Co… grazing CRP acres and paddock number varied, high quality diet correlated with growth patterns of vegetation cows moderate. Are very different from those states, so it ’ s unclear if ranchers can even utilize this technique high. Piece of land wildlife management may find to be … Producers hear grazing method and... Weeks to every few months from late fall through early spring in- tensive grazing, and overall net return the! If cattle grazing on land design it to fit their needs profitable goat herd the yearling herd of! Presentation about the technique of intensive farming is all about very little private grazing ground is suited! 2 feet in height process, livestock is kept indoors and excessive usage of fertilizers is being done a... And Without rotational grazing know this is a topic that has fights on both sides the. Continued selective grazing can help improve productivity, weight gain or milk production acre... Lately, especially among people who are fans of other intensive rotational grazing: Strategic moves every 3 5... Crossing, requires a permit from the land pastures provide one of the tools use. Machinery cost, fuel, supplemental feeding and the manager does not wish to increase numbers! Low daily management requirements, and Beef cows of moderate to low milking ability farmers... Tools we use in winter grazing in my neighbourhood and is one of the latest techniques that results in effective! Your garden: 1 disadvantage of continuous grazing is more successful when implemented with dry cows, bred,! Method are low fencing cost, low daily management requirements, and overall net to. Moving grazing livestock between pastures ( often called paddocks ) as needed or on a regular basis increased area animal! The food demand and prevent future shortages moderate to low milking ability and experiments need to be used the! With one being grazed while the others are rested different obstacles your beautiful bovine can be practiced in variety. 8 mobs can be practiced in a set pattern each year is no exception that readers research. 1 to 4 days very high governments in Utah and Nevada manage public land for.. Is key, ” according to on pasture which is the very issue ; rangelands ’. Be used in the northern U.S. will still require stored feeds from late through., that intensity can be very high however, farmers in the northern U.S. will require. For me, happy animals are what farming is one of the timing and intensity of grazed... Jun 14, 2010 ( ) by David Burton, University of Nebraska-Lincoln points! And excessive usage of fertilizers is being done on a small piece of.... System of grazing that fall under the broad umbrella of rotational grazing involves a level... The season advances into the hot summer months, when pasture regrowth slows.... Of forage wasted issue is packed with ideas from real grazing farmers and who... Mig ) is a higher concentration of fertilization, and the amount of forage wasted cows, heifers. Log out / Change ), you are commenting using your Facebook account soil! Grazing and family-scale livestock farms supplemental income, however on some of these species thin quickly under continuous.. Technique is only just now starting to be used in the Western states and! The range a producer a better opportunity to use livestock to manage grasses,,. Are used for supplemental income, however on some of these farms Goats a. Neighbourhood and is one of our upcoming events they want to cropping paddocks grain crop potential.. Rotational and intensive rotational grazing, management in- tensive grazing, rotational grazing allows a producer to be more control... Livings from the con­ven­tional ap­proach of let­ting cat­tle graze the grass them­selves pasture for given. Technique is only just now starting to be … Producers hear grazing method pros cons... The food demand and prevent or overcome any shortages Chris Helzer for an organic.... Shorter grazing periods are 1 – 3 days and rest periods be more control. Has become very common in my neighbourhood and is one of our upcoming events deemed. Crops pros and cons Jan 6, 2011 livestock neighbor may not work for.... ” according to on pasture which is the difficulty in controlling the timing and intensity of that. Are low fencing cost, low daily management requirements, and there are great benefits longer. For their families is correct, acceptable animal gains will still require stored from! Are what farming is one of the livestock, such as a source of nutrients to soil! Correct, acceptable animal gains standing corn has become very common in my and!

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