As the Islamic realm grew, Mecca continued to attract pilgrims from all across the Muslim world and beyond, as Muslims came to perform the annual Hajj pilgrimage. A Saudi tower: Mecca versus Las Vegas: Taller, holier and even more popular than (almost) anywhere else, Holland, Tom; In the Shadow of the Sword; Little, Brown; 2012; p. 471, Jan Retsö, The Arabs in Antiquity (2003), 295–300, Photius, Diodorus and Strabo (English): Stanley M. Burnstein (tr. It is the site of the Kaaba, which is the holiest site in Islam, the central focus of the hajj pilgrimage, and the direction of Muslims’ daily prayers. All seven buildings in the complex also form the third-largest building by floor area. Mecca Name Meaning Italian: from a pet form of a feminine form of the personal name Domenico (see Domingo). [118][119] Mecca is served by four ring roads, and these are very crowded compared to the three ring roads of Medina. MecMec, my grandpa calls me MeeshaBooBoo but I don't know why! As with many Arabic words, its etymology is obscure. Up to the 7th century, this journey was intended for religious reasons by the pagan Arabs to pay homage to their shrine, and to drink Zamzam. It gained widespread fame, even gaining attention from the Byzantine Empire. The city is now ringed by freeways, and contains shopping malls and skyscrapers.[101]. Other regional powers such as the Abyssinians, Ghassanids, and Lakhmids were in decline leaving Meccan trade to be the primary binding force in Arabia in the late 6th century.[63]. Lawrence conspired with the Ottoman governor, Hussain bin Ali, the Sharif of Mecca to revolt against the Ottoman Empire and it was the first city captured by his forces in the 1916 Battle of Mecca. Mecca is an unusual given name for women but a very prominent surname for both adults and children (#15099 out of 150436, Top 10%). [55], There were also some other inscriptions which contained personal names such as Makki (مَكِّي, "Makkahn"), but Jawwad Ali from the University of Baghdad suggested that there's also a probability of a tribe named "Makkah". [50][51], Muslims see the mention of a pilgrimage at the Valley of Baca in the Old Testament chapter Psalm 84:3–6 as a reference to Mecca, similar to the Qur'an at Surah 3:96. Mecca is pronounced similarly to Mckay, Meeca, Meeka, Meica, Mekea, Mica, Micah▲, Micki, Micky, Mika▲ and Myka. Battuta describes the people of the city as being humble and kind, and also willing to give a part of everything they had to someone who had nothing. MECCA. [citation needed] The Meccans signed treaties with both the Byzantines and the Bedouins, and negotiated safe passages for caravans, giving them water and pasture rights. Taxes were especially increased during the Great Depression, and many of these taxes existed to as late as 1972. [23] The city has been called several other names in both the Qur'an and ahadith. The siege lasted two weeks, and resulted in several hundred deaths and significant damage to the shrine, especially the Safa-Marwah gallery. As of 2005, there were 532 public and private schools for males and another 681 public and private schools for female students. [72] The Black Death pandemic hit Mecca in 1349. On 20 November 1979, two hundred armed dissidents led by Juhayman al-Otaibi, seized the Grand Mosque, claiming the Saudi royal family no longer represented pure Islam and that the Masjid al-Haram and the Ka'bah, must be held by those of true faith. The Ottomans assigned the task of bringing Mecca back under Ottoman control to their powerful Khedive (viceroy) and Wali of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha. Although some names possibly appear suitable and have some of the qualities you are looking for, the name may not harmonize with your last name and the baby's birth date and could create restrictions and lack of success. You are a unique individual. Hussein declared a new state, the Kingdom of Hejaz, declaring himself the Sharif of the state and Mecca his capital. Mecca, city, located in the Sirat Mountains in western Saudi Arabia, inland from the Red Sea coast. [83] The reason for much of the destruction of historic buildings has been for the construction of hotels, apartments, parking lots, and other infrastructure facilities for Hajj pilgrims. All information about the first name Mecca. In 1929, wireless stations were set up in various towns in the region, creating a network that would become fully functional by 1932. The Ottomans had planned to extend their railway network to the holy city, but were forced to abandon this plan due to their partaking in the First World War. [96] The school system in Mecca has many public and private schools for both males and females. For higher education, the city has only one university, Umm Al-Qura University, which was established in 1949 as a college and became a public university in 1979. In the last century, the most severe flood was that of 1942. [28] Yaqut al-Hamawi, the 12th century Syrian geographer, wrote that Fārān was "an arabized Hebrew word, one of the names of Mecca mentioned in the Torah. [102] The medium of instruction in both public and private schools is Arabic with emphasis on English as a second language, but some private schools founded by foreign entities such as International schools use the English language for medium of instruction. 'Makkah the Honored'). 152–3 (§92). Since then, dams have been built to ameliorate this problem.[96]. The Mecca family name was found in the USA between 1880 and 1920. Personal experiences with the name Mecca. The majority of the economy is service-oriented. 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