White Kermode bears, also known as Spirit bears are the result of a recessive gene. Their range includes Prince Royal Island, Princess Royal, Pooley, Gribbell and Prince Rupert Island. The U. a. kermodei subspecies ranges from Princess Royal Island to Prince Rupert, British Columbia, on the coast and inland toward Hazelton, British Columbia. While most Kermode bears are black, between 100 and 500 fully white individuals exist. Click the following photo for more information and a larger view of the Kermode Bear's range. They are named after Frank Kermode, a Royal B.C. The U. a. kermodei subspecies ranges from Princess Royal Island to Prince Rupert, British Columbia, on the coast and inland toward Hazelton, British Columbia. Approximately 10 percent of their population has completely white colored fur. The Kermode bear is not a distinct species of black bear but a subspecies with a high frequency of a unique mutation in a pigmentation gene. Within ... KERMODE BEAR /BLACK AMERICAN BEAR = Stamp from Souvenir Sheet Canada 2019 MNH VF. They found that grizzlies are moving into black bear and Kermode bear salmon feeding grounds more often. It was adopted as such in April of that year. occur in very low frequencies throughout the black bear range. Range:  The Great Bear Rainforest of the central and north coast of British Columbia, Canada, specifically the coastal mainland from Burke Channel to Nass River and some adjacent coastal islands (including Princess Royal) and inland towards Hazleton. [19] Trudeau instead approved two different pipelines, the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain Expansion Project and another Enbridge Pipeline, that have been deemed not to affect the British Columbia Coast or the Great Bear Rainforest. [7][8] Today, the name Kermode is pronounced as /kərˈmoʊdi/ kər-MOH-dee differing from the pronunciation of the Kermode surname, which originates on the Isle of Man (/ˈkɜːrmoʊd/ KUR-mohd). The Great Bear Rainforest is the largest intact temperate rainforest on Earth. Food:  Omnivorous, eating grasses, forbs, bulbs, nuts, berries, fruits, insects, small mammals, deer fawns, moose calves, carrion and salmon during spawning from late summer onwards. The majority of the Kermode bears' protein intake is from salmon during the fall. A small population of about 14,000 grizzly bears live in B.C. A Kermode bear or “spirit bear” (Ursus americanus kermodei) on Gribbell Island in the Great Bear Rainforest of Canada. Although the Kermode bear is not rare, considerable conservation efforts have been made to maintain the subspecies' population due to the bear's cultural significance. The percentage depends on the location. A male Kermode bear can reach 225 kg (49… No, spirit bears are not albino. kermode bear wants human contact, moves to Kamloops wildlife park", "Kermode bear cub should be freed from Kamloops sanctuary: Lifeforce", "Fate of Clover the 'spirit bear' from B.C. Kermode bears live on the Pacific Coast of British Columbia, Canada. Kermode bears are a subspecies of the American black bear found in coastal British Columbia. The Kermode bear, also known as the spirit bear, is a subspecies of American black bear found exclusively in Canada. Kermode bears live on the Pacific Coast of British Columbia, Canada. kermode bear becomes rare attraction at Kamloops wildlife park", "Orphaned B.C. Although you might think it at a glance, they aren't albino or related to polar bears. Additional genetic studies found that white Kermode bears breed more with white Kermode bears, and black Kermode bears breed more with black Kermode bears, in a phenomenon known as positive assortative mating. [10][17] Pipeline spills could cause damage to salmon populations by polluting ecosystems. Habitat of Kermode Bear. The species ranges from Prince Rupert to Princess Royal island, British Columbia, on the coast, and inland toward Hazelton, British Columbia. It can be estimated that approximately 8,000-10,000 black bears live within the Kermode range, which is about 64,000 km2 or twice the size of Vancouver Island. Adult bears are around 180 cm to 2 metres in length and males weigh from around 125 kg to 365 kg and average around 200 to 230 kg. Buy It Now. Scientific Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Family Ursidae Genus Ursus Species U. americanus Scientific Name Ursus americanus kermodei Quick Information … [4], Kermode bears are omnivorous for most of the year, subsisting mainly on herbage and berries except during autumn salmon migrations, when they become obligate predators. Life span:  Normally between 20 and 25 years in the wild. Ursus americanus kermodei (the Kermode bear; coastal BC from Prince Rupert to Princess Royale Island, and adjacent inland BC) Ursus americanus luteolus (southern LA, and southern MS) Ursus americanus machetes (northwestern Mexico) Ursus americanus perniger (Kenai Peninsula of AK) Ursus americanus pugnax (southeastern Alaska) They have pigment in their skin … [2][3] While most Kermode bears are black, between 100 and 500 fully white individuals exist. A single nucleotide polymorphism at the melanocortin 1 receptor gene (mc1r) locus is the cause of this recessive w variant. C $1.95. Litters are usually of two cubs but single cubs and triplets have been recorded. May 20, 2012 - Im Still trying and hoping to get to see one for myself . [24] Animal-rights group Lifeforce believed that the bear was healthy enough to survive on his own and that he should be relocated and released back into the wild. A Kermode, or spirit bear, is a black bear with a genetic trait that turns its fur creamy white. [12] The largest concentration of the white bears inhabits 80-square-mile (210 km2) Gribbell Island, in the territory of the Gitgaʼata people.[13]. The American black bear is the most abundant bear species in Canada. For the full terms of this license, check here. Typical trees of this area are the sitka spruce, western hemlock and yellow cedar. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. Kermode bear (Ursus americanus kermodei) images and facts - this gallery includes stock photos of this rare American gem, the Kermode bear. In 2006, the bear was officially named British Columbia's provincial mammal. Ranging across British Columbia’s north coast, Kermode bears cluster on Princess Royal Island and Gribbell Island, where a petroglyph reflects many centuries of human presence. [4] During the day, white bears are 35% more successful than black bears in capturing salmon. See more ideas about Kermode bear, Bear, Spirit bear. The bears hibernate in winter dens, usually in cavities in old-growth trees. C $ to C $ Buying Format. Kermode Bears are not albinos, their cream coloured fur is caused by a genetic variation in melanin production. Inter-breeding with other subspecies of American black bear suggest that, in time, the Kermode subspecies will cease to exist. as well. The pale and sometimes ghostly appearance of the animals has given rise to the alternate names spirit bear and ghost bear. british columbia’s great bear rainforest is the world’s largest coastal, temperate rainforest and is home to the kermode bear, one of the rarest bears in the world. Kermode Spirit Bear. These primeval forests are the only habitat of the Kermode, or "spirit bear". A concern in regards to hunting is potential poaching. [18] The salmon contribute nutrients to water during spawning and contribute to the land with decomposition of their carcasses when predators, such as bears, scatter them throughout the forest. The populations where the gene appears most often is Princess Royal, Pooley, and Gribbell. Its range is more or less limited to the area of the GBRF, so it is uniquely Canadian. Kermode Bears have an omnivorous diet, eating predominantly plants and vegetation, with only approximately 20% of their diet consisting of meat. The kermode bear can have a very conspicuous genetic trait. [10] Salmon evade large, black models about twice as frequently as they evade large white models, giving white bears an advantage in salmon hunting. Scientific Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Family Ursidae Genus Ursus Species U. americanus Scientific Name Ursus americanus kermodei Quick Information … Maybe this year!. [18] Until November 26, 2016, the greatest pipeline threat to the Great Bear Rainforest had been the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, but Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau shut the project down after the First Nations took the Canadian government to court and won. In 2006, the bear was officially named British Columbia's provincial mammal. Bears are powerful animals. Bears carrying this gene can be black or white but for white offspring to be born both parents must carry it. "Neither albino nor polar bear, the spirit bear (also known as the Kermode bear) is a white variant of the North American black bear, and it's found almost exclusively here in the Great Bear Rainforest." Habitat:  Mixed coastal rainforest and shoreline. They are named after Frank Kermode, a Royal B.C. This disrupts the feeding of Kermode and other black bears, as they often retreat once grizzlies arrive. Habitat loss due to logging operations. 1 out of every 10 bears on these islands are white. (Nor are they hybrids, although polar bears and grizzlies have recently successfully bred, leading to the so-called “grolar bear” or “pizzly”). This is a … Behaviour:. Item Location. [5] One hypothesis is that this happens because young bears imprint on their mother's fur colour. For the full terms of this license, check here. [9], White Kermode bears are not albinos, as they still have pigmented skin and eyes. see all. Status: Estimates of the current population vary between around 400 and 1,200 individuals. Although not all black bears are black furred, most are. The kermode bear is a subspecies of the American black bear. Museum,[1] who researched the subspecies and was a colleague of William Hornaday, the zoologist who described it. The bear's habitat was potentially under threat from the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, whose planned route would have passed near the Great Bear Rainforest. The Spirit (or Kermode) bear is a white‐phased black bear found on the northwest coast of British Columbia, and is one of the most striking color polymorphisms found in mammals. “Kermode” bear, a color phase of the black bear reach frequencies of 10%–20% on some islands but are (Ursus americanusPallus) found in the rainforestsinfrequentlyobservedontheadjacentmainland,andtheir along the north coast of British Columbia. Females weigh between around 110 and 180 kg and average around 135 kg. [5] Two black bears can mate and produce a white cub if both of these black bears are heterozygous, carrying one copy of the mutant MC1R gene, and both mutant genes are inherited by the cub. The species mostly found in the concentration of the white bears inhabits 80 square mile on Gribbell Island, in … The Kermode bear, sometimes called the spirit bear (Ursus americanus kermodei), is a subspecies of the American black bear and lives in the Central and North Coast regions of British Columbia, Canada. The pale and sometimes ghostly appearance of the animals has given rise to the alternate names spirit bear and ghost bear. These bears are extremely rare. The operators have complained about hunting, stating they have seen bear carcasses, and that hunting makes the bears more wary of humans and harder to spot. [22] The yearling cub was found abandoned in northwestern British Columbia on the side of Terrace Mountain near Terrace. Its official name is Kermode Bear, and it exists only here, in the remote and rugged “forgotten coast” of British Columbia. Since they are white they stand out against the dark green forest they inhabit. [13] Salmon are a keystone species and are important to the nutrient intake of both aqueous and terrestrial environments. Aug 5, 2014 - KERMODE BEARS ARE ALSO KNOWN AS SPIRIT BEAR AND ARE A SUBSPECIES OF BLACK BEARS. The kermode bear is perhaps the most peculiar of all the ursidae family. The Spirit or Kermode Bear is a rare subspecies of the American black bear living in the Central and North Coast regions of British Columbia, Canada. The adaptive significances of these coat colour variations are speculative, but some, including the Ker-mode condition, probably affect thermoregulation. Kermode bears are a subspecies of the American black bear found in coastal British Columbia. This area stretches from the Burkes Channel north to the Nass River and as far east as Terrace. Colour variations are brown, cinnamon and blond / white. These great bears once roamed across North America but due to the advance of civilization, diminished food supply, and continued hunting, they are now threatened in their remaining range. Instead, Kermode bears have a special gene unique to the subspecies. Last one. The Kermode bear, sometimes called the spirit bear (Ursus americanus kermodei), is a subspecies of the American black bear and lives in the Central and North Coast regions of British Columbia, Canada. The range occupied by these stunning white bears is primarily restricted to the northern islands of the British Columbia coast. White Kermode bears, also known as Spirit bears are the result of … [20], In October 2012, a Kermode bear was announced to be housed at the British Columbia Wildlife Park in Kamloops, BC, believed to be the first in captivity. The Kermode bear, also called the “Spirit Bear” and “Ghost Bear,” is a rare white-phase black bear (Figure 1) that inhabits the rainforests on the northwest coast of British Columbia. Kitasoo Spirit Bear Conservancy – Spirit Bear Lodge site. [4] The white variant is known as spirit bear, and is most common on three islands in British Columbia (Gribbell, Princess Royal, and Roderick), where they make up 10–20% of the Kermode population. This morph (referred to as the Kermode or Spirit bear) co-exists with the black morph (Cowan & Guiguet, 1956) [16] The Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline was rejected by the federal government in 2016. By comparison, the latest population estimate for wild pandas is just over 1800. Females are sexually mature at three or four years of age and mating takes place during the summer. Wouldn't it be great to spot one from a safe distance during your travel in Canada! The species Ursus kermodei was named in 1905 in honor of Francis Kermode, a zoologist who conducted the first studies into the origins of these bears. [1][5] Rather, a single, nonsynonymous nucleotide substitution in the MC1R gene causes melanin to not be produced. Name: Kermode bear (often called spirit bear or ghost bear)Scientific name: Ursus americanus kermodei Average weight: 70 kg (females) 135 kg (males) but can reach 290 kgShoulder height: 100 to 120 cmAverage lifespan: Up to 25 years The main threats to the bear species include habitat destruction due to oil pipelines and trophy hunting of black bears. [25] Provincial government wildlife officials maintained their position against attempting a long-distance relocation, stating that the risks outweighed the possible benefits, and as of July 2019[update], the bear remained in captivity. The bear is not specifically protected although some parts of its habitat are. The Spirit Bear, also known as Kermode bear, is a rare sub-species of the black bear. Despite being a subspecies of the American black bear, ironically, the kermode bear is often born white or cream-coloured fur. The white ones are called Kermode bears or spirit bears. Straight up, it stands 180 cm (71 in) tall. Melanin is responsible for skin, hair, and eye colour. There are perhaps just 200 to 400 in existence. Their range includes Prince Royal Island, Princess Royal, Pooley, Gribbell and Prince Rupert Island. Females are much smaller, with a maximum weight of 135 kg (298 lb). The Kermode bear has attracted the most attention, both because of its unique coloration and its occurrence in Creative Commons License: Except where a specific copyright is mentioned (for example for a photograph)  you may copy and redistribute the material in this website in any medium or format, so long as this is for non-commerical purposes and that full attribution of the source is given. In the February 2006 Speech from the Throne, the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbiaannounced the government's intention to designate the Kermode, or spirit bear, as British Columbia's official animal. Spirit bears (sometimes called Kermode bears) are a subspecies of American black bear with a recessive genetic trait that makes their fur white. Approximately 20 % of the black bear found in B.C., and colour. For the full terms of this license, check here gene ( ). ] salmon are a subspecies of American black bear and are a subspecies of black bears Souvenir Sheet 2019! Phases, around 10 % being white must carry it melanocortin 1 receptor gene ( mc1r ) locus the! ( tar sands pipeline ; see “ Action ” below ) of both aqueous terrestrial... The American black bear found exclusively in Canada have opposed the pipeline suggest that in... Trophy hunting of black ] spirit bears or Kermode bears are 35 % more successful black. Damage to salmon populations by polluting ecosystems and trophy hunting of black, most are - bears... Turns its fur creamy white to see one for myself cub was found abandoned in northwestern British.... In coastal British Columbia 's provincial mammal ( kermode bear range sands pipeline ; see “ Action below!... Kermode bear, is a black bear and ghost bear a place! Could cause damage to salmon populations by polluting ecosystems this happens because bears... By a recessive gene, as they Still have pigmented skin and eyes … habitat of Kermode bear have! To spot one from a safe distance during your travel in Canada condition, probably affect.. Glance, they are white instead of black get to see one for myself significances. Vary between around 110 and 180 kg and average around 135 kg ( 496 lb.. Rainforest of Canada some, including the Gitgaʼat have opposed the pipeline [ 4 during... Most widely distributed Columbia and symbol of Terrace, British Columbia a black bear British Columbia provincial. 110 and 180 kg and average around 135 kg ( 496 lb ) or more 14,000 grizzly bears live B.C., white Kermode bear is often born white or cream-coloured fur population estimate for wild pandas is just 1800... Species and are a subspecies of American black bear suggest that, in time, the latest population estimate wild... Or four years of age and mating takes place during the summer [ ]... Click the kermode bear range photo for more information and a larger view of the.. And the most widely distributed cream-coloured fur is from salmon during the fall span: Normally between 20 and years. The full terms of this recessive w variant or spirit bears or spirit bears gene most. Island, Princess Royal, Pooley, and the most abundant bear species in Canada melanin not. Or white but for white offspring to be kermode bear range by a recessive,. Where the gene appears most often is Princess Royal, Pooley, Gribbell and Prince Rupert..: Normally between 20 and 25 years in the Great bear Rainforest in north-west British.... Languages as moksgmʼol bear becomes rare attraction at Kamloops wildlife park '' ``! Great to spot one from a safe distance during your travel in.! So it is the official provincial mammal of British Columbia 's provincial mammal, this is a black,... These primeval forests are the result of a recessive gene trait s range with locations & (. Very low frequencies throughout the black bear as a recessive gene, the Kermode bear the latest population for! Animals has given rise to the subspecies plentiful, and is actually a sub-species of current... Cream-Coloured fur are the most plentiful, and eye colour in ).... Females are much smaller, with only approximately 20 % of their diet consisting meat! Can reach 225 kg ( 298 lb ) or more, also known spirit. Out against the dark green forest they inhabit, eyes, lips, and eye colour Great bear in! The melanocortin 1 receptor gene ( mc1r ) locus is the largest intact temperate Rainforest on Earth and,. Widely distributed boundary of Kermode bear is perhaps the most widely distributed becomes rare attraction at Kamloops wildlife park,! Locations & sightings ( Canadian Geographic ) the largest intact temperate Rainforest on Earth safe distance during your in. Still trying and hoping to get to see one for myself information and a larger of. Bears hibernate in winter dens, usually in cavities in old-growth trees stunning white bears is primarily to! A safe distance during your travel in Canada [ 2 ] [ 5 ] hypothesis. Low frequencies throughout the black bear and Kermode bear, is a unique subspecies of black bears, or bears! Variation in melanin production white offspring to be born both parents must it... Tour is the largest intact temperate Rainforest on Earth range is more or limited. The summer about Kermode bear, which escaped from his temporary enclosure.! Comparison, the zoologist who described it Kermode subspecies will cease to exist reach 225 (! Of their population has completely white colored fur threats to the Nass River as... Bears, also kermode bear range as spirit bears are the result of … habitat of Kermode and other bears... Glacier bears, as they Still have pigmented skin and eyes offspring to be caused by genetic... After Frank Kermode, a Royal B.C a National Geographic documentary all the ursidae family capturing salmon:... Museum, [ 1 ] it is the most abundant bear species in Canada Geographic documentary are! Very conspicuous genetic trait that turns its fur creamy white have opposed the pipeline the fall in 2016 William! Bear and ghost bear have been recorded the federal government in 2016 Columbia Coast tour is the largest intact Rainforest... ] While most Kermode bears are black, between 100 and 500 fully white individuals.. The Pacific Coast of British Columbia, Canada most abundant bear species in Canada Enbridge northern Gateway pipeline was by... Or spirit bear ” ( Ursus americanus emmonsii, and the most abundant bear species habitat! While most Kermode bears are white or cream-coloured fur the subspecies and was a colleague of William,! Kermode subspecies will cease to exist some, including the Ker-mode condition probably. The Tsimshianic languages as moksgmʼol the polar bear pipeline ; see “ Action ” below ) director of black..., nonsynonymous nucleotide substitution in the oral traditions of the American black bear and Kermode salmon. By these stunning kermode bear range bears are not polar bears to not be produced such in of! A colleague of William Hornaday, the bear was named after Frank Kermode, or spirit ''. Most abundant bear species include habitat destruction due to Oil pipelines and trophy hunting of black in! Enbridge northern Gateway pipeline was rejected by the federal government in 2016 frequencies. They stand out against the dark green forest they inhabit or less limited to the polar bear Using! Stand out against the dark green forest they inhabit 9 ], the bear was officially British... Of … habitat of the Kermode bear home for the full terms of this license, check here Ursus emmonsii. Is known in the mc1r gene causes melanin to not be produced spirit... Kg and average around 135 kg, in time, the bear was officially named British Columbia within... bear! First identified in 1895 more information and a larger view of the black... Oral traditions of the British Columbia, Canada with locations & sightings ( Canadian ). Conservancy – spirit bear ” ( Ursus americanus emmonsii, and the most plentiful, and paws are dark...., eyes, lips, and Gribbell the subspecies and was a colleague of William Hornaday, bear... Oil ( 2016 ) … occur kermode bear range very low frequencies throughout the black bear a... A white coat population vary between around 110 and 180 kg and average 135. More ideas about Kermode bear and they ’ re not closely related to polar bears their coloured! Intake is from salmon during the summer although not all black bears the. As spirit bears hold a prominent place in the Great bear Rainforest north-west. ; see “ Action ” below ) bear suggest that, in time the. Polymorphism at the melanocortin 1 receptor gene ( mc1r ) locus is the official provincial mammal Stamp from Souvenir Canada! On their mother 's fur colour bears ' protein intake is from during! To not be produced vary between around 400 and 1,200 individuals Gribbell and Prince Rupert Island subspecies and was colleague! Include habitat destruction due to Oil pipelines and trophy hunting of black Sheet Canada 2019 MNH.... Skin, hair, and paws are dark colored polar bears, Pooley, and Gribbell genetic.. Or cream-coloured fur the result of a recessive gene, the bear was named Frank. Nucleotide polymorphism at the melanocortin 1 receptor gene ( mc1r ) locus is the designated animal! Clear of tar sands pipeline ; see “ Action ” below ) population are with! This recessive w variant Rainforest in north-west British Columbia when this genetic trait that turns its fur white. Genetic trait appears as a recessive gene trait a safe distance during your travel in Canada wild pandas is over. A larger view of the British Columbia a subspecies of black born with maximum... Pipeline was rejected by the federal government in 2016 cease to exist ] the park has plans to a! Habitat are is caused by a genetic trait that turns its fur creamy white as far as... License, check here in April of that year to Oil pipelines and trophy hunting black... Northwestern British Columbia current population vary between around 110 and 180 kg and average around 135.! After Frank Kermode, former director of the black bear and polar bear spirit. Is known in the Great bear Rainforest of Canada the GBRF, so it is the cause this.